★ 090926英语单词

niche

n.壁龛;合适的职务(环境、位置等)

Refreeze

vt. 再结冰(重新冻结, 再致冷)

grocery

n.(名词) 【复数】 gro.cer.ies

1.A store selling foodstuffs and various household supplies.

杂货店:出售食品和各种日常用品的商店

2.groceries Commodities sold by a grocer.

groceries 杂货商所卖之货物

pointer

/ ˈpɔɪntə(r); ˋpɔɪntɚ/ n
res_i_9DB12AFC long thin piece of metal, plastic, etc which moves to indicate figures, positions, etc on a dial, scale, etc (仪表盘﹑ 刻度等上的)指针.
res_i_7E3D5398 rod or stick used to point to things on a map, blackboard, etc (作指示用的)棍﹑ 教鞭等.
res_i_549ED5A0 ~ (on sth) (infml 口) piece of advice 意见; 主意: Could you give me a few pointers on how to tackle the job? 这工作怎麽做, 你能不能给我出点主意?
res_i_89689BCF ~ (to sth) thing that shows likely future developments (预示事物发展的)暗示, 线索: journalists studying the minister’s speechfor pointers to the contents of next month’s policy statement研究部长讲话以揣摩下月施政报告中的动向的新闻工作者.
res_i_0E558F21 large short-haired hunting dog trained to stand still with its nose pointing in the direction of hunted birds, etc which it smells (经训练可示意猎物方向的)短毛大猎犬.

shrimp

res_i_9DB12AFC[3] small marine shellfish that is used for food, becoming pink when boiled 小虾. =>illus at shellfish 见shellfish插图.
res_i_7E3D5398[3] (joc or derog 谑或贬) very small person 矮小的人: a pale, skinny shrimp 面黄肌瘦的小个子.
> shrimp v [I] (usu 通常作 go shrimping) try to catch shrimps 去捉小虾.

binary

adj.(形容词)

1.Characterized by or consisting of two parts or components; twofold.

双重的:以两部分或要素为特色的或由之组成的;两倍的

2.Of or relating to a system of numeration having 2 as its base.

二进制的:二进制的或与之有关的

3.Chemistry Consisting of or containing only molecules consisting of two kinds of atoms.

【化学】 二元的:由只有两种原子构成的分子组成的

4.Of or employing two comparatively nontoxic chemicals that combine to produce a deadly poison:

二元化合的:两种相对无毒的化学物质结合而产生出致命毒品的或应用之的:

binary weapons; a binary nerve gas.

二元武器;二元神经致毒气

5.Music Having two sections or subjects.

【音乐】 二部的,二拍的:有两种乐器或主题的

n.(名词) 【复数】 bi.na.ries

Something that is binary, especially a binary star.

两个,双:两个的东西,尤指双星

Lightship

n. 航路标志灯船, 灯塔船

Demonstrates

v.(动词) dem.on.strat.ed,dem.on.strat.ing,dem.on.strates

v.tr.(及物动词)

1.To show clearly and deliberately; manifest:

表明:清楚细致地显示;表明:

demonstrated her skill as a gymnast; demonstrate affection by hugging.

显示她的体操技巧;拥抱以示亲热

2.To show to be true by reasoning or adducing evidence; prove:

证实,论证:通过推理或引证说明真实性;证明:

demonstrate a proposition.

证明一个命题

3.To present by experiments, examples, or practical application; explain and illustrate:

演示,说明:通过实验、例子或实际应用表明;解释并说明:

demonstrated the laws of physics with laboratory equipment.

用实验装置演示物理定律

4.To show the use of (an article) to a prospective buyer:

展示,示范:向可能的购买者示范(某物品的)使用:

The salesperson plugged in and demonstrated the vacuum cleaner.

售货员插上电源,示范真空吸尘器的操作

v.intr.(不及物动词)

1.To give a demonstration:

演示:

described the dance step, then took a partner and demonstrated.

描述舞步,然后带着舞伴作演示

2.To participate in a public display of opinion:

示威:参加一公众集会以表明自己的观点:

demonstrated against tax hikes.

示威反对税收上涨

malicious

adj.(形容词)

Having the nature of or resulting from malice; deliberately harmful; spiteful:

恶意的:具有恶毒的本性的或由恶意而产生的;蓄意要伤害别人的;怨恨的:

malicious gossip.

用意歹毒的流言蜚语

savvy

ˈsævɪ; ˋsævɪ/ n [U] (sl 俚) common sense; understanding 常识; 理解: Where’s your savvy? 你的常识到哪里去了?
> savvy v (pt, pp savvied) [I] (sl 俚) (usu in the imperative or present tense 通常用於祈使句或现在时态) understand; know 理解; 知道: Keep your mouth shut! Savvy? 闭上嘴! 懂吗? * No savvy, ie I do not know/understand. 我不知道[].

traps

1.A contrivance for catching and holding animals, as a concealed pit or a clamplike device that springs shut suddenly.

陷阱:用于捕获动物的装置,如一个隐蔽的坑或似夹钳的能突然弹起并夹住动物的装置

2.A stratagem for catching or tricking an unwary person.

圈套:迷住或欺骗一个不警觉的人的计谋

3.A device for sealing a passage against the escape of gases, especially a U-shaped or S-shaped bend in a drainpipe that prevents the return flow of sewer gas by means of a water barrier.

U字形或S字形隔臭管:为防止气体漏逸而封堵一段通道的装置,尤指排水管中的U形管或S形弯管,它可以通过水的阻挡防止下水道气体倒流

4.

Sports

【体育运动】

5.A device that hurls clay pigeons into the air in trapshooting.

抛靶器:在飞靶射击中把泥制盘形靶抛入空中的装置

6.

A land hazard or bunker on a golf course; a sand trap.

障碍:高尔夫球道上的一个障碍物或障碍;高尔夫球道上的沙土障碍

7.traps A measured length of roadway over which electronic timers register the speed of a racing vehicle, such as a dragster.

traps 计速路段:一段测量过长度的路段,上面有电子计时器记录比赛车辆的速度,如改装的高速汽车的速度

8.A light two-wheeled carriage with springs.

双轮轻便马车:一种装有弹簧的两轮轻便马车

9.A trap door.

通气门

10.traps Music Percussion instruments, such as snare drums and cymbals, especially in a jazz band.

traps 【音乐】 打击乐器:一种打击乐器,如小军鼓和钹,尤指一个爵士乐队中的这种乐器

11.Slang The human mouth.

【俚语】 人的嘴

v.(动词) trapped,trap.ping,traps

v.tr.(及物动词)

1.To catch in or as if in a trap; ensnare.See Synonyms at catch

设陷阱:用陷阱或类似用陷阱的方式捕获;设陷阱捕捉参见 catch

2.To place in a confining or embarrassing position.

使陷于困境:将…放到一个受限制或令人尴尬的境地中

3.To seal off (gases) by a trap.

用防气阀堵住

4.To furnish with traps or a trap.

装多个或一个阀门

v.intr.(不及物动词)

1.To set traps for game.

设陷阱:为捕获猎物而设立的陷阱

2.To engage in trapping furbearing animals.

设陷阱:铺设陷阱并捕猎产皮毛的动物

individually

adv.个别地

Peripheral

adj. 不重要的, 外围的

n. 外围设备

Occasionally

adv.Abbr. occas.(副词)缩写 occas.

Now and then; from time to time.

偶然地:时不时地;间断性的

simultaneously

ad.同时,一起

Napping

n./ vi.(尤指在白天)小睡,打盹

Germs

n.(名词)

1.Biology A small mass of protoplasm or cells from which a new organism or one of its parts may develop.

【生物学】 微生物,细菌:微小的活的物质或细胞,能发育成新的有机体或部分有机体

2.The earliest form of an organism; a seed, bud, or spore.

生殖细胞,胚种细胞:有机体的最初形式;种子、萌芽或胚种

3.

A microorganism, especially a pathogen.

一种微生物,尤指病原体

4.Something that may serve as the basis of further growth or development:

萌芽,雏形,原形:可作为进一步成长或发展的基础事物:

the germ of a project.

计划的雏形

Beware

bɪˈweə(r); bɪˋwɛr/ v [I, Ipr] (used only in the infinitive and imperative 仅用於不定式及祈使句) ~ (of sb/sth) be cautious (of sb/sth); take care (about sb/sth) 谨防(某人[某事物]); 当心(某人[某事物]): He told us to beware (of pickpockets, the dog, icy roads). 他告诉我们要当心(小偷﹑ 狗﹑ 结冰的道路). * Beware wet paint! 注意–油漆未乾!

Clutter

n.(名词)

1.A confused or disordered state or collection; a jumble:

混乱:混乱或无序的状况;一团:

clutter in the attic.

顶楼一片混乱

2.A confused noise; a clatter.

喧闹:混乱的声音;噼啪声

v.(动词) clut.tered,clut.ter.ing,clut.ters

v.tr.(及物动词)

To litter or pile in a disordered manner:

乱糟糟地堆满:杂乱地布满或堆集:

Tools and boxes cluttered the garage. I cluttered up my files with clippings.

工具和箱子杂乱地堆满车库。我的档案中堆满了剪报

v.intr.(不及物动词)

1.To run or move with bustle and confusion.

乱哄哄地跑:喧闹、混乱地奔跑或移动

2.To make a clatter.

发出吵闹声

piles

n.一堆,一叠 v.堆积

Re-evaluate

再评价, 重新评价

wreck

a) vehicle, aeroplane, etc that has been badly damaged, esp in an accident 严重损毁的车﹑ 飞机等(尤指在事故中): The collision reduced the car to a useless wreck. 那辆汽车在碰撞事故中成了一堆废铁. (b) ship that has been destroyed or badly damaged, esp in a storm 破碎或严重损毁的船(尤指在暴风雨中): Two wrecks block the entrance to the harbour. 两艘船的残骸堵塞了通往港口的入口.
res_i_7E3D5398[5] (usu sing 通常作单数) (infml 口) person whose physical or mental health has been seriously damaged 身体或精神严重受损伤的人: The stroke left him a helpless wreck. 他患中风之後成了不能自理的废人. * Worry about the business has turned her into a nervous wreck. 她生意上的烦恼事把她愁得不成人样了.
> wreck v [Tn] destroy or ruin (sth) 毁坏或毁灭(某 物): The road was littered with wrecked cars. 公路上弃置着撞坏的汽车. * Vandals completely wrecked the train. 恣意破坏公物的人把那列车完全毁了. * They had been wrecked (ie shipwrecked) off the coast of Africa. 他们的船在非洲沿海遇难损毁. * (fig 比喻) The weather wrecked all our plans. 天气恶劣, 我们的计画全毁了.

purge

/ pɜːdʒ; pədʒ/ v
res_i_9DB12AFC[5] [Tn, Tn.pr, Tn.p] ~ sb (of/from sth); ~ sth (away) make sb clean or pure by removing (evil, sin, etc) 为某人(免罪﹑ 赦罪等): Catholics go to confession to be purged of sin/purge (away) their sin/purge their souls of sin. 天主教徒透过告解以获得赦罪[净化灵魂].
res_i_7E3D5398[7] [Tn] (dated or joc 旧或谑) empty the bowels (of a person) 给(某人)通便: A dose of this stuff will purge you! 这种药只须一剂就能让你通便!
res_i_549ED5A0[3] [Tn, Tn.pr] ~ sth (of sb)/~ sb (from sth) rid (esp a political party) of (people thought to be undesirable); remove (such people) from (a party) 清除(尤指政党的)(异己分子); 清洗(党员): So-called traitors were purged (from their ranks). 所谓的叛徒均已(从队伍中)清洗出去. * They promised that the party would be purged of racists/that racists would be purged from the party. 他们保证该党一定把种族主义分子清除掉[把种族主义分子从党内清洗出去].
res_i_89689BCF[3] [Tn] (law 律) atone for (an offence, esp contempt of court) 弥补(罪过, 尤指藐视法庭罪): purge one’s contempt 於藐视法庭後认错以求得免罪.
> purge n
1 action of ridding (a political party, state, etc) of people who are considered undesirable (政党﹑ 国家等之)清洗行动; 整肃: a purge of disloyal members 对不忠诚分子的整肃行动 * the political purges that followed the change of government 随政权之改变而来的政治上的清洗.
2 (esp formerly) medicine that empties the bowels; purgative (尤指旧时的)泻药, 泻剂.

redundant

res_i_9DB12AFC[7] (usu of language or art) not needed; superfluous; unnecessary (通常指语言或艺术)不必要的, 冗赘的, 多余的: a paragraph without a redundant word 无一冗词的一段文字 * The illustration had too much redundant detail. 解说中不必要的细节太多.
res_i_7E3D5398[9] (esp Brit) (of industrial workers) no longer needed for any available job and therefore dismissed (指工人)(因人员过剩)被解雇的, 失业的: become/be made/find oneself redundant 成为冗员而被裁 * the plight of redundant miners 被裁减的矿工的困境 * Fifty welders were declared redundant. 已公布削减五十名焊工.
> redundancy / -ənsɪ; -ənsɪ/ n
1 [U] (a) state of being redundant(2) 人浮於事; 裁员; 成为冗员被裁: a high level of redundancy among unskilled workers 非熟练工人的大量裁减 * [attrib 作定语] redundancy pay, money, etc, ie given to sb made redundant 遣散费(给予被裁减人员的). (b) material that is redundant(1) (通常指语言或艺术)多余的材料: express oneself without redundancy 精练地表达意思.
2 [C] worker made redundant(2) 遭裁减的工人: Two hundred redundancies were announced in the shipyards. 造船厂公布削减二百名工人.
redundantly adv.

assume

v.tr.(及物动词) as.sumed,as.sum.ing,as.sumes

1.To take upon oneself:

自己承担:

assume responsibility; assume another’s debts.

承担责任;承继另一个人的债务

2.To undertake the duties of (an office):

担任…的职务(官职):

assumed the presidency.

担任首相职务

3.to take on; adopt:

采取;采用:

“The god assumes a human form”(&b{John Ruskin})

“上帝采用了人的形体”(约翰·拉斯金)

4.To put on; don:

穿;披:

The queen assumed a velvet robe.

王后穿了一件天鹅绒长袍

5.To affect the appearance or possession of; feign.See Synonyms at pretend

假装镇静的样子;冒充参见 pretend

6.To take for granted; suppose:

想当然;以为:

assumed that prices would rise.See Synonyms at &b{presume}

认为价格要上涨参见 presume

7.To take over without justification; seize:

无正当理由的接管;夺取:

assume control.

取得控制权

8.Theology To take up or receive into heaven.

【神学】 (上帝)接…(进天国):接纳或接受进入天国

Demonstrates

v.(动词) dem.on.strat.ed,dem.on.strat.ing,dem.on.strates

v.tr.(及物动词)

1.To show clearly and deliberately; manifest:

表明:清楚细致地显示;表明:

demonstrated her skill as a gymnast; demonstrate affection by hugging.

显示她的体操技巧;拥抱以示亲热

2.To show to be true by reasoning or adducing evidence; prove:

证实,论证:通过推理或引证说明真实性;证明:

demonstrate a proposition.

证明一个命题

3.To present by experiments, examples, or practical application; explain and illustrate:

演示,说明:通过实验、例子或实际应用表明;解释并说明:

demonstrated the laws of physics with laboratory equipment.

用实验装置演示物理定律

4.To show the use of (an article) to a prospective buyer:

展示,示范:向可能的购买者示范(某物品的)使用:

The salesperson plugged in and demonstrated the vacuum cleaner.

售货员插上电源,示范真空吸尘器的操作

v.intr.(不及物动词)

1.To give a demonstration:

演示:

described the dance step, then took a partner and demonstrated.

描述舞步,然后带着舞伴作演示

2.To participate in a public display of opinion:

示威:参加一公众集会以表明自己的观点:

demonstrated against tax hikes.

示威反对税收上涨

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